Orchard Home School papers

The Records of the Orchard Home School include annual reports and other publications of the Society. Series I contains the Annual Reports, which are divided into 4 subseries based on the creating entity (since the development of the society was so complex.) The Annual Reports contain financial sta...

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Bibliographic Details
Access Note:Unrestricted
Corporate Authors: Orchard Home School, Simmons College (Boston, Mass.) Archives
Format: Kit
Language:English
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351 |a Arranged in two series: Series I. Annual reports. Series II. Miscellaneous publications 
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520 |a The Records of the Orchard Home School include annual reports and other publications of the Society. Series I contains the Annual Reports, which are divided into 4 subseries based on the creating entity (since the development of the society was so complex.) The Annual Reports contain financial statistics, messages from people on the board, member lists, number of women at the refuge, etc. The Annual Reports are chronological within the series and the subseries. Series II contains other publications of the Society, arranged chronologically with dates between 1824 and 193-(?) (with gaps). There are only 5 items in this series 
524 |a The Orchard Home School records, CC 16, Simmons College Archives, Boston, MA 
540 |a Requests for permission to publish should be addressed to the College Archivist 
541 |a Donald Morland  |c  gift, 1988, 1989, Simmons College School of Social Work, transferred  |d  1991.   |e  97.010 
545 |a In 1816, the Penitent Females' Refuge was formed by a group of concerned gentlemen. The first meeting was held in 1818. The Society was formed to protect and re-educated "fallen" girls and young women. The Society opened a home at 32 Rutland Street, Boston. Women who were accepted were expected to stay for two years. They had school two days a week and were also taught needlework and vocals. Housework was also done by the inmates. The women were placed in homes when they were prepared. By 1824 a women's auxiliary was begun to help defray the costs of running the home. In addition to raising and donating funds, the women visited the home to counsel, instruct, etc. the young women. The two groups worked together towards the common goal of rescuing "fallen women." In 1854, the women's auxiliary was officially incorporated into the Bethesda Society. The Penitent Females' Refuge and the Bethesda Society worked together until 1914, when they merged under the Bethesda Society's name. In 1916, they moved the refuge house to 917 Belmont Street in Watertown, after using a house on Mt. Auburn Street in Cambridge for two years. This new house was renamed the "Orchard Home School." In 1924, the Home School's purpose changed slightly: "Receives, on request of parents, courts or other social agencies, white girls preferably under the age of 17, residing in Massachusetts..." However, the work always relied on "sympathy, occupation and religious influence for reform." In 1936, the Bethesda Society changed its name to the "Orchard Home School." 
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