In the web of class : delinquents and reformers in Boston, 1810s-1930s / Eric C. Schneider.

The creation of the juvenile court during the Progressive Era unified the juvenile justice system under the auspices of the state. But this achievement has been vastly overrated. Delinquents and their families participated actively in reform from the founding of the first reformatories through the e...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Schneider, Eric C., 1951-2017.
Format: Book
Language:English
Published: New York : New York University Press, 1992.
Series:American social experience series ; 22.
Subjects:
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245 1 0 |a In the web of class :  |b delinquents and reformers in Boston, 1810s-1930s /  |c Eric C. Schneider. 
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300 |a xiii, 260 pages :  |b illustrations ;  |c 24 cm. 
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490 1 |a The American social experience series ;  |v 22 
504 |a Includes bibliographical references (pages 193-249) and index. 
505 0 |a Introduction: The Web of Class -- pt. 1. The Creation of Private and Public Charity. 1. Moral Entrepreneurs and the Invention of the Reformable Child. 2. Public Welfare and the Public Reformatory -- pt. 2. Domestic Reform. 3. Private Alternatives to the Asylum. 4. Domestic Reform and the Delinquent Girl. 5. Domestic Reform and the State Reform School for Boys -- pt. 3. The Organization of Welfare. 6. Catholic Welfare: Between Separatism and Accommodation. 7. The Charity Network -- pt. 4. Expertise and Scientific Reform. 8. The Juvenile Court: Triumph of Progressivism. 9. Child Guidance and the Court -- Conclusion: The Failure of Cultural Reform. 
520 |a The creation of the juvenile court during the Progressive Era unified the juvenile justice system under the auspices of the state. But this achievement has been vastly overrated. Delinquents and their families participated actively in reform from the founding of the first reformatories through the establishment of the juvenile court, and constantly forced reformers to rethink and reshape their programs. Eric C. Schneider argues that programs to prevent delinquency and to reform delinquents must be understood as part of the history of social welfare. Reform in social welfare meant limiting relief costs while supplying the poor with the cultural values reformers saw as the only real insurance against poverty. Cultural reform led inevitably to work with children, who seemed easier to mold than adults. But the cultural reform tradition failed, because children turned out to be less malleable than reformers thought, and cultural reform itself was an inadequate solution to delinquency and poverty. And while reformers understood the difficulties of handling adolescents, they rarely questioned their assumption that by reforming the individual they could reshape society. Today the cultural reform tradition remains paradigmatic, making this study both timely and vital. 
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