Provided by Wikipedia Frances Ellen Watkins Harper (September 24, 1825 – February 22, 1911) was an abolitionist, suffragist, poet, teacher, public speaker, and writer. She was one of the first African American women to be published in the United States.
Born free in Baltimore, Maryland, Harper had a long and prolific career, publishing her first book of poetry at the age of 20. At 67, she published her widely-praised novel ''Iola Leroy'' (1892), placing her among the first Black women to publish a novel.
Harper also had a successful literary career. Her collection ''Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects'' (1854) was a commercial success, making her the most popular African American poet before Paul Laurence Dunbar. Her short story "Two Offers" was published in the ''Anglo-African'' in 1859, making literary history as the first short story published by a Black woman.